Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
International Health Workforce Collaborative » 14th Conference, Quebec City, 2013 13th Conference, Brisbane, 2011 12th Conference, New York, 2010 11th Conference, Edinburgh, 2008 10th Conference, Vancouver, 2007 9th Conference, Melbourne, 2005 8th Conference, Washington, 2004 7th Conference, Oxford, 2003 6th Conference, Ottawa, 2002 5th Conference, Sydney, 2000 1st to 4th Conferences, 1996-1999 Return to previous page

International Health Workforce Collaborative


     14th Conference, Quebec City, 2013
     13th Conference, Brisbane, 2011
     12th Conference, New York, 2010
     11th Conference, Edinburgh, 2008
     10th Conference, Vancouver, 2007
     9th Conference, Melbourne, 2005
     8th Conference, Washington, 2004
     7th Conference, Oxford, 2003
     6th Conference, Ottawa, 2002
     5th Conference, Sydney, 2000
     1st to 4th Conferences, 1996-1999


About IHWC
The aims of the International Health Workforce Collaborative (IHWC) are

  • to promote exchange of policy approaches across countries that address health workforce planning and that enhance the ability of each country to respond to workforce needs;
  • to promote understanding of global trends that affect health workforce policies; and
  • to promote international collaboration in health workforce research, evaluation and forecasting.
The IHWC was initiated in 1996 (as the International Medical Workforce Collaborative) by an informal group of health economists, representatives of medical organizations and government officials from the United States, United Kingdom and Canada who agreed there would be some value in organizing an international invitational conference to discuss physician workforce issues. Australia joined in 1997. The partners have met every 12 to 18 months since 1996. The conference in Australia this year is the first as the broader International Health Collaborative.

The conferences bring together policy makers, academics, researchers and practitioners with responsibility for and interests in health workforce issues. The approach taken seeks to be rigorous and evidence based. Participation in this conference is by invitation only.

The composition of the conference Planning Committee has varied from year to year with a degree of stability of participation by a core of individuals from each country.

Conference Topics and Format The topics that have been discussed over the years are described in Table 1 The format of the conferences has been designed to generate as much interaction amongst the participants as possible. The topics to be discussed at an upcoming conference are generated at the previous conference by discussion amongst the International Planning Committee and with input from the participants at large. Each country then conscripts authors to prepare papers on each topic; these papers are circulated in advance to all participants to allow for informed discussion at the conference.

The papers are not presented at the conference but a pre-selected discussant presents a compilation of the four papers as a prelude to opening up the discussion to the floor. Conference proceedings and publication of all the papers on the IHWC website has been undertaken since the 1999 conference. Proceedings from the Sydney (2000) conference have also been archived with the Library of Congress for citation purposes.

Publication of the papers in the peer-reviewed literature has been at the discretion of the authors.

Table 1: Conferences by Year, Location and Topics

Year Location Topics
2013 Quebec City, Canada
  • Technical Skills Workshop - Health Workforce Planning Techniques and the Policy Context
  • Update on Health Workforce Agencies
  • Provider Autonomy and Public Policy Imperatives: Which Should Prevail?
  • Assuring Adequate Specialists, Generalists and a Health Workforce Where it’s Needed: How Do We Balance Demands to Improve Quality, Expand Access and Contain Health Care Costs?
  • Making Workforce Innovation Real
  • Recognition and Integration of Internationally Educated Health Professionals
  • Key Take Aways
  • From Learning to Application: Ideas and Challenges from Decision Makers
  • Overview of current health workforce priorities in OECD countries, and policies to improve the geographic distribution of doctors.
2011 Brisbane, Australia
  • Interdisciplinary Education and Training
  • Emerging Challenges of Expanding Medical Workforce Supply
  • Comparisons of Restructured Primary Care
  • Ethical Integration of Internationally Health Professionals
  • Health Workforce Policy and Planning Roundtable
2010 New York City, USA
  • Working together - Team-based Models of Primary Medical Care: What’s working in Complex Care Management?
  • The Social Mission of Medical Schools in a Time of Expansion
  • Health care system efficiency and the physician workforce:
    • Optimizing the medical workforce through improved system efficiency and physician training
    • Reducing physician requirements through improving practice and organizational efficiency
2008 Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Career Structure
  • Equity, poverty, and Access
  • Morale of Physicians and Trainees
  • Self-Sufficiency and International Medical Graduates
  • Demand Modeling for Medical Services
2007 Vancouver, Canada
  • Medical Leadership
  • Health Outcomes
  • Equity and Distributive Justice
  • Recruitment and Retirement
2005 Melbourne, Australia
  • Medical Workforce Expansion – Commitment and Capacity
  • Health Care Financing
  • Physician Productivity
  • Who are the doctors of tomorrow and what will they do?
2004 Washington, D.C., USA
  • International Programs and Policies to Re-distribute Physicians to High Need Areas
  • Education and Training
  • Models of Care
  • International Medical School Graduates (IMGs) and Global Workforce Issues
2003 Oxford, England
  • Physician Workforce Planning: What Have We Learned? Lessons for Planning Medical School Capacity and IMG Policies”
  • The Overlapping Roles of Primary Care Physicians, General Specialists and Sub-specialists
  • Non-Physician Clinicians
  • Restricted Hours
  • Impact of Staffing Levels on Outcomes
  • International Medical Graduates
2002 Ottawa, Canada
  • Globalisation
  • Physician Planning - Current Frameworks
  • Dilemmas around the Junior Medical Workforce
  • Physician Planning - A Models of Care Approach
  • Recertification/Revalidation and Quality of Care Issues: Impact on Physician Workforce
2000 Sydney, Australia
  • Workforce Characteristics and Policy Update
  • Assessment of Doctors' Performance in Practice
  • Dilemmas around the Junior Medical Workforce
  • The Role of the Market in the Clinical Workforce
  • Medical Workforce Supply in Under-served Communities
1999 San Francisco, US
  • Women in Medicine
  • Medical Migration
  • Productivity
1998 Cambridge, England
  • Information Technology and Health Care in Isolated Communities
  • Scope of Practice and Microplanning of the Medical Workforce
  • Working in Teams and Integrated Planning
1997 Vancouver, Canada
  • Over-servicing
  • Primary Care Reform
  • Substitution
1996 Washington, D.C., USA
  • Supply & Requirements Determination
  • Workforce Projections
  • Physician Immigration and Emigration
  • Geographic & Social Distribution
  • PGME/Residency Training Issues (including financing & regulatory policies)
  • Drawing the Link from Policy Analysis to Policy Change